The biotechnological process
The patented synthesis process developed by BFS is inspired by the natural process at the origin of the formation of petroleum of fossil origin. It uses elements such as solar energy (as the main source of energy), photosynthesis, and electromagnetic fields associated with the organic properties of phytoplankton (marine microalgae) to convert the CO 2 from industrial emissions into biomass and then into artificial petroleum similar to fossil petroleum, without sulfur and without heavy metals, sort of clean petroleum.
Intensive cultivation of microalgae and massive absorption of CO 2takes place in a closed environment and in vertical photobioreactors for optimization of implantation surfaces, better control of the physicochemical properties of the rearing environment, and optimum profitability.
Phytoplankton and cyanobacteria exchangers Phytoplankton and cyanobacteria
are microscopic, single-celled living organisms, ancestors of all forms of animal and plant life, and the source of the oil that is formed from their decomposition. They are “autotrophic” organisms, which use a photosynthetic process similar to that of plants for their growth. They are authentic miniature biochemical factories capable of regulating CO 2.
Marine phytoplankton is responsible for more than half of the total CO 2 fixation on our planet. The yield of these microalgae is significantly higher than that of land plants. Indeed, some of these unicellular microorganisms divide by mitosis every 24 hours and multiply identically without any other input than the original cell, light, water, and CO 2. The BFS biological research teams work from strains of phytoplankton with a high lipid content, selected from more than 30,000 species listed, without artificial manipulation and without sampling on biodiversity.
The normal cellular concentration of these microorganisms in seawater is in the range of 100 to 300 cells per milliliter. In a rearing environment, BFS achieves exponential growth of microalgae in its bioreactors with concentrations of 300 million to 1 billion cells per milliliter; a technological breakthrough that allows BFS to obtain biomass with a high energy dosage and then, by thermochemical extraction, a high-quality artificial oil!
Capture of CO 2
CO 2 is the main element in the carbon cycle. It is involved in carbon exchanges between living beings, the atmosphere and photosynthetic elements. BFS technology aims to capture CO 2rejected by industries by setting up its facilities nearby. The CO 2 treatment process makes it possible to switch from a captured gaseous carbon (CO 2 ) to an organic carbon (1 kg of biomass has 52% carbon) to arrive at a mineral carbon with 65% carbon and produce in any fine a hydrocarbon with 85% carbon; guaranteeing from the outset a fully usable BFS oil in a combustion engine.
Finally, BFS daily production eliminates 938 kg of CO 2 from anthropogenic emissions per barrel produced and converts 2,168 kg of CO 2 per barrel.
Profiled photobioreactors for optimum profitability
The intensive culture of microorganisms takes place in a closed environment in vertical photobioreactors 8 meters high to optimize the planting surfaces on the ground and productivity per hectare. BFS photobioreactors offer a large reception surface for light energy to ensure the fixation of photons and the production of continuous biomass, with an optimized m 2 / m 3 ratio. They have been thought to be “self-cleaning” as well. The confinement of the rearing medium, ensured by the constant maintenance of a “positive pressure”, ensures that no external pathogenic or contaminating element can penetrate the culture medium or alter its productivity.
The cellular structure of the tubes of photobioreactors facilitates photosynthesis.
Petroleum similar to the petroleum of fossil origin
Unlike biofuels produced from agricultural raw materials which can only be used up to 5 or even 10% in engines, petroleum-derived from BFS technology is an excellent substitute for fossil fuel oil. It has the same characteristics in terms of energy density with a high calorific value, proven and certified, of 9,700 kcal/kg *. Once refined, it can therefore be used without any special adaptation in engines. Its refining costs are also lower because they are free from sulfur and toxic secondary products. Like its cousin of fossil origin, BFS petroleum can also be used to make plastics, solvents, synthetic resins, detergents, or fertilizers.
* Intertek and SGS reports
A petroleum substitute produced in less than 48 hours
Made from CO 2 emissions in so-called polluting industries such as cement plants, waste reception centers, thermal power stations, or even refineries, BFS oil is produced directly on-site or, depending on the options selected, at a remote processing site.
While fossil fuel oil took millions of years to form as a result of a long and complex process of sedimentation, 48 hours is enough to produce BFS oil. It takes almost 24 hours to obtain the biomass deposit and as much to extract the oil thermochemically. BFS facilities operate 24 hours a day to allow massive absorption of CO 2 and ensure continuous oil production.
Innovative co-products and by-products
High value-added extraction potential
The biomass deposit obtained during the process of converting CO 2 into oil offers the potential for extracting multiple co-products and by-products with high added value. Among these, we find in particular activated carbon which, by virtue of its absorption capacity, finds its applications in air filtration systems and omega 3s which prove to be true partners in our daily health …
Omega, essential partners of our health
The biomass deposit obtained during the conversion process contains 3% of omega 3. Usually extracted from nuts, soybeans, rapeseed but also “fatty” fish such, for example, salmon or anchovy, omega 3 are essential for the proper functioning of the nervous, cardiovascular, ocular, skin, hair, and reproductive systems.
In recent years, these polyunsaturated fatty acids have established themselves as essential partners in our daily health, especially since the human body is incapable of producing them. From food supplements to the prevention of certain cancers through the fight against Alzheimer’s disease, the omega 3 and 6 markets is booming. It attracts a large number of players, including the food, pharmaceutical, and cosmetics industries.